In this numerical study, the total deformation analysis of composite beams designed from three layers was carried out under different temperature values. Stainless steel, copper and magnesium were chosen as materials. Thus, the mechanical and thermal properties of each material were compared. In order to determine the effect of each material on the total deformation, different combinations were designed. Beams were investigated under a clamped-free boundary conditions using ANSYS Workbench finite element software. In mesh operations, element size was used as 2.5 mm. Temperatures of 100 °C, 130 °C, and 160 °C were applied in the calculations. Each layer thickness of the beams was 0.2 mm and the layer length was 150 mm. The layer width was taken as 30 mm. According to the data obtained from this study, the increase in the applied temperature value causes an increase in the total deformation value of the beams. The layer positions of the beams have a significant impact on the results. This numerical study can be used as reference in experimental studies including thermal deformation of layered beams made of different metal materials.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The authors would like to thank Dr. Savas Evran (Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey) for his generous support and encouragement during the preparation of this manuscript.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Total Deformation, Material, FEM, Temperature